Padel court construction, the Definitive Guide [2018]

Have you discovered the padel and you think could be an interesting business in your area?

Are you interested in starts a padel Club, or building padel courts in your club, hotel, or resort, but don’t know how to proceed?

Before taking the decision of building a padel court, it’s important to know the main features of a court and understand the construction steps required to build it. The court construction costs will depend of these elements.

In this guide, you will find everything you need to understand in detail the elements and characteristics that make up a padel, so how the stages of the construction of a padel.

1. Padel court description

Padel Buthiers 77

The court is bordered by a perimeter wall and welded mesh of different heights depending on the location of the same. The walls of the funds measure 3 meters high with a mesh of an additional meter, which makes 4 meters total height. The lateral enclosures immediately attached to the funds (2 meters long) are also made of wall and mesh and measure the same as in the funds. The rest of the sides are formed only of welded mesh. The network divides the field of play in two halves of 10 x 10 meters. The accesses to the court are at the level of the network on both sides of the court

 

2. Elements of a padel court

The main elements that make up a padel court, are the playing field and the walls. According to the International Federation as the Spanish Federation, these elements can be composed of different materials:

Playing field: They can be of porous concrete, cement, wood, synthetic materials, artificial turf, or any other that allows the regular bounce of the ball and avoids the surface to get flooded.

Walls: Walls can be glass, brick or concrete, or any material that offers a regular and uniform bounce of the ball

The reality is that at present, the padel courts of glass and synthetic turf, have become the standard for both amateur practice and international competitions. From WannaPadel we recommend that, if you are thinking about setting up new padel infrastructures, you do it with these materials, since they are what your clients will demand in the medium and long term. That is why in this guide, we are going to focus on these constructive elements.

 

3. Materials for the construction of a padel court

 

3.1 Artificial grass (synthetic turf)

gazon padel

 

 

The grass is undoubtedly the main element in importance in a padel court.

The synthetic turf used must meet the following AFNOR standards:

  • Norme NF P 90-110 (“Sols Sportifs – Terrains de Tennis – Conditions de réalisation”),
  • Norme NF EN 14877 (“Sols Synthétiques pour installations de sport en plein air”),
  • Norme NF EN 15330-1 (“Sols Sportifs – Surface Gazon Synthétique – Partie 1”),
  • Norme NF EN 15330-2 (“Sols Sportifs – Surface Textile Aiguilleté – Partie 2”).

 

3.1.1 Components of the synthetic turf for padel

gazon synthétique padel

The thread fibres

Initially, nylon was used as a fibre for the synthetic turf due to its great resistance, but it was extremely abrasive when it frictions with the skin, with which alternatives were sought: first polypropylene and finally polyethylene, a less abrasive plastic, which is what it is used at present.

The types of fibres

As for the shape of the fibre, there are 2 types: filaments of fibrillated structure, and filaments of a single body, called monofilament.

The fibrillated turf was the first technology that was developed. The fibres have a flat structure and present micro cuts in the stem to increase their density and keep the threads straight once the sand turf is filled. However, these cuts cause fibres to become fragile and tend to detach with use.

The monofilament has greater resistance to wear than the fibrillated ones, because it does not have micro cuts. The threads that make up the monofilament fibre incorporate asymmetric ribs that give them greater rigidity, achieving a memory effect (the fibres can recover their verticality once they are stepped on) and the compaction of the grass with the sand is avoided. However, this type of lawn requires more maintenance, so that the sand is spread evenly and that it penetrates correctly between the threads. Without good maintenance this lawn can deteriorate more quickly

For these reasons the price of a monofilament lawn can be up to 40% more expensive than fibrillated turf, depending on the manufacturer and the characteristics of the lawn.

Which lawn should I choose for my padel courts?

Let’s see some technical indicators:

 

3.1.2 Technical characteristics of the lawn for Padel courts

 

Number of stitches / m2

This measure gives us an idea of lawn density. The more stitches the denser the grass and the lesser the risk of compaction with the sand.

Thickness and shape of the filaments

A thicker thread allows the fibre to be held more easily straight, and to some extent prevents the fibre from becoming compacted. Monofilament fibres tend to be thicker than fibrillated fibres.

DTEX

DTEX is weight in grams of 10,000 linear meters of yarn. Example: a lawn that has 6600 dtex means that, if we take 10 thousand linear meters of fibre, they will weigh 6.6 kilograms. Therefore, the more dtex the turf has, the higher the density and the greater the amount of yarn it will contain.

Backing

Latex or Polyurethane backrest

The backing is the base on which the fibre is inserted. It is made mainly of polypropylene. The main characteristic that backing must fulfil, is that it holds the fibre and does not detach with time and intensive use. For this same purpose, two types of adhesives are used between fibre and backing: latex or polyurethane.

The polyurethane has a lower weight, the grass is more malleable and has better performance under changes in temperature than latex. Studies have also been made, and it has been shown that polyurethane has a higher grip than latex. The use of polyurethane is recommended in the northern regions of Europe.

The price difference of 2 lawns with the same characteristics, but one with latex backing and another with polyurethane one, can be € 2 / m2.

Filling

The filling is necessary to avoid that with the use of synthetic turf, it does not compact. The padding is usually sand on 90% of the padel courts, although rubber has also been used instead of sand. The sand has to meet certain characteristics, such as siliceous sand, rounded with a granulometry that ranges between 0.2 and 0.8 mm in diameter.

It is very important to install the correct amount of sand per m2 recommended by the turf manufacturer. Adding a smaller quantity means that the grass can be compacted, and therefore a deterioration of the grass can be produced more quickly. If more sand than necessary is added, mounds may appear, and players may slip, and ankle sprains may occur, which is a very important issue to keep track of.

An unusual practice that some clubs in France demand, is to use sand of the same colour as that of the lawn. Yes, this kind of sand does exist, but the cost is much higher, which can make the budget of the padel track more expensive. However, the result is very aesthetic as can be seen in the photo below.

 

Lawn colours for padel

couleurs gazon synthétique

The official colours for the International federations such as the French Tennis Federation are green, blue and ochre colour (sand colour). The turf manufacturers also propose other colours on the market such as fuchsia, violet, pink or black. The most used colour is green, especially in outdoor installations, predominantly blue grass in indoor centres. Some players say that they prefer to play on courts with blue grass, since there is a greater contrast with the yellow ball and it is easier for them to reach all the balls.

With regard to the price, the most economical grass is green, followed by blue and sand colour. The most expensive are those of fuchsia or black, since being less common its manufacture is made on request and being much shorter throws, the price is higher (up to 30% more expensive than the green lawn).

 

3.2 The steel structure

court de padel a marseille

The perimeter metallic enclosure of the playing field is formed by electro-welded meshes arranged vertically and fixed to the ground by metal poles or frames, that in turn are fixed by anchoring plates and studs to the ground. The glass panels are also supported on the metal structure.

The structure that makes up the perimeter must have been dimensioned to withstand the forces generated by the wind if the runway is in the open according to the wind zone in which it is to be installed.

Hot dip galvanizing

The padel court is fenced by electro-welded meshes of 2 and 3 meters high, as well as by glass panels on the bottom of the court and on a part of the lateral ones.

The structure holding the mesh and panes must have been sized to withstand the forces generated by the wind if the court is outside depending on the wind area in which it is to be installed. That is to say, it must comply with the standards:

Eurocode 1: Actions on EN 1991-1-4 structures

Eurocode 3: Calculation of steel structures

Calculation notes must be provided by the installers.

Complies with the normative of construction (padel court)

Thickness of mast or poles, size

Thermo-lacquering paint

The quality of the materials used (screws, bolts in stainless steel or galvanized, neoprene seals for contact with the glasses …)

Free openings or a pair of sliding or sliding doors in both sides of the net

 

Model of court (with pillars or panoramic)

At present, there are two essential models of crystal padel courts: the pillars and the panoramic tracks.

The pillars courts are those that have a pillar or metal pole between each glass panel, and these pillars holds the glass panels. While the panoramic tracks do not have pillars between the glass panels located on the bottoms of the courts, what allows greater visibility for the spectators. The latter is intended for television broadcasts.

Clubs have to look for a balance between visibility and robustness.

 

3.3 Glass panels

A standard padel court includes 18 glass panels, thickness of 10 or 12 mm. They conform the bottoms of the padel court, and a part of lateral ones. The glass must be heat soaked according to the norm EN 12150-2: 2004.

 

3.4 The lighting

The lighting of a padel court allows clubs to increase the number of available daily hours of their facilities, especially if the courts are outdoors.

A padel court can have the lighting integrated into the structure of the court itself, or it can be external to the court. According to the regulations of the International Padel Federation, the spotlights must be 6 meters above the surface. The necessary lighting levels are governed by the European standard UNE-EN 12193 and depend on the use that is made of the court, whether amateur or professional use (to host national or international tournaments). In this case, a higher level of illumination measured in LUX will be required. It will also depend if it is an outdoor or indoor track. In the following table you can see the different lighting levels for each case. [add table lux]

 

Types of lighting for padel courts

projecteurs LED Padel

Currently, two types of lamps are used: halides and LEDs.

Metal halide lamps are the luminaires that have traditionally been used in sports facilities. Its duration can reach 15,000 useful hours and its power are between 400 w and 1000 w of installed power per focus.

In contrast, LED (Light-Emitting Diode) lamps are a new technology that increases lamp life (> 50 thousand hours of useful life) and reduce electricity consumption by up to 70%.

Court with pre-installation lighting masts

This is not the same price for a padel court that is lit or not.

Halogen LED lighting type (better brightness / power consumption ratio)

Lighting according to the normative [padel rules]

Preparatory work of the foundation (preparation of quick concrete, patching of the surface, creation of sills to support the weight of the perimeter of the court formed by glasses and metal parts).

 

4. Construction stages of a padel court

 

4.1 Earthworksterrassement terrain padel

In a first phase, if the padel courts are going to be outside, it will be necessary to carry out an earthwork on all the surface on grounds with the excavation of the trenches for the realization of the peripheral stringers.

 

4.2 Foundation or pavement

Once realized the earthworks will create a foundation in reinforced concrete.

This concrete slab should incorporate slopes for the evacuation of water if the screed is fibre-reinforced or reinforced concrete.

If the slab is porous concrete, before the bonding of the concrete is put in place in trench the reinforcement of the stringers as well as the electrical sleeves for the lighting.

The finish of the slab should be trowelled by mechanical trowel.

 

4.3 Transportation – Delivery

construction court de padel

Most padel materials manufacturer companies are located in Spain, whose distance can influence the cost of transport. The cost of a padel field is not the same in the South of France as in the North, more than one mile from the Spanish border.

 

4.4 Unloading the material

Following the completion of the concrete slab, and once the time required for concrete drying has been completed, all the material is stored on the site. One of the most critical phases is the unloading of the pallet truck glass panels by a forklift, because of the large dimensions (2 x 3 meters) and the fragility of the whole. For security is important that the installer who takes care of this task has his CACES license updated.

 

4.5 Definition of the perimeter of the playground

The first step of the assembly is to delimit on the surface the limits of the future padel field, that is to say a rectangle of 20 by 10 m.

 

4.6 Laying the metal fence

The assembly always begins with the installation of metal poles that allow to support and fix the electro-welded meshes as well as the glass panels.

 

4.7 Installation of the lighting

 

When the lighting is integrated into the metal fence, it is installed at the same time as this one, with the use of an aerial work platform or scaffolding at 6 meters height. Normally the lighting of a padel court is composed by 8 or 12 halogen or LED floodlights.

 

4.8 Installation of glass panels

 

Once the metal fence is already installed, it’s time to install the glass panels. The handling of these panels can be done with a forklift or with manual suction cups.

 

4.9 Installation of synthetic turf

pose gazon padel

Then, after having closed all the padel court, we now tackle the laying of synthetic grass. The grass is unrolled on the surface of the playing area. PU (polyurethane) glue is used with bridging strips to secure the turf rolls to each other. The lines of play, in white colour are also added on the carpet in the same way.

 

4.10 Installation of the net

Finally, net and game accessories.

 

5. The price of a padel court

The price of a padel court varies depending on the characteristics described above, but they are not the only aspects to be taken into account:

The difficulty of accessing the place, the location in a windy area, or the proximity of the sea (corrosion) are aspects that vary the price of a paddle court.

For a padel court with glass panels walls installed inside a hangar, with a standard synthetic turf, and without doors and lighting we can count € 18,000 without VAT.

If the same land is outside, you must have between one and two thousand euros more for the treatment against corrosion, as well as a structure adapted to the rules relating to winds, ie around 20,000 euros.

If the court has access doors and an LED lighting system in accordance with French regulations (usually 4 x spotlights 200W, around 15,000 lumen each), the cost of a paddle court can amount to 23,000 euros.

If you choose to install several paddle fields, the unit cost of each court, will also be reduced between 5% and 10% depending on the case.

Regarding the installation, a paddle court construction is not an “Ikea piece of furniture”, but a small construction that requires small earthworks for: the surface preparation, and steel structure foundations. The synthetic grass requires also being installed carefully aligned and using specific adhesives. And also need to be filled with specific sand, which gives the synthetic grass the desired grip.

With all these things, you will have a durable padel court that complies with International padel federation.

You have a padel project?